1Several states precept that initiate environs boundaries thrive county  lines, time other states grant sundry initiate environss to place in  the similar county. Assume that county bigness is almost the similar in  twain of these collocations of states. Suppose twain collocations are owing  implementing initiate testimonials, and proponents in twain collocations prove that  increased rivalry conquer administer to elder competency. Which collocation of  states is further likely to end elder competency gains? Hint: Believe encircling Tiebout sorting. 2President Barack Obama appointed Arne Duncan to be the  Secretary of Information in 2009. Discuss Secretary Duncan's methods to  address information woes during his calling as CEO of the Chicago open  initiate regularity as well-mannered-mannered as his efforts during his order as Secretary of  Education. Summarize the views of his supporters and opponents.  3To Charlie, the final profit (MB) of notorious vindication is MB = 4,500 – 90Q, where Q measures units of notorious vindication. Sally's final profit is MB = 3,000 – 60Q.  The final require of providing notorious vindication is firm and similar  to $2,700. Calculate the causative distribute of notorious vindication. Graph  aggregate MB and MC to paint the causative distribute  of notorious vindication (delineate functions and embrace all appropriate values in  the graph). Assume policymakers are effectual to appropriate the causative raze  of notorious vindication owing they perceive each voter's final profit  function. If tax distributes are set to nerve each individual to pay accurately what  they believe notorious vindication is rate at the optimal raze, what is  Charlie's tax distribute and what is Sally's tax distribute